Flip - Overview:
Many renowned authors have been guests, including Brazilians Ariano Suassuna, Ruy Castro and Lygia Fagundes Telles and international writers Salman Rushdie, Margaret Atwood, and Nadine Gordimer. They take part in debates shown in real time from the Authors' Marquee to a Giant Screen Marquee.
Associação Casa Azul, which generated Flip, is a non-governmental organization dedicated to urban improvement and educational programs in Paraty.
Every year, Flip pays homage to a Brazilian writer. Vinicius de Moraes (1917-1980) and novelist Clarice Lispector (1920-1977) have been some of the authors honored in the event. The 2012 edition of Flip - its 10th - is commemorating poet and author Carlos Drummond de Andrade (1902-1987).
Flipinha is the Flip event for youngsters, when students from Paraty display work inspired by literature. Fun and education go hand-in-hand at Flip, which features community-oriented projects aimed at promoting a love of reading and cultural enrichment.
Over the course of the years, kids' projects created for Flipinha have become Biblioteca Azul, or the Blue Library, with more than 8,000 volumes. Kids involved in Flipinha projects - that is, all the public school children and 95% of private school students - have also created Cirandas de Paraty, a compilation of local oral traditions and history.
For teenagers, there's Flipzona, created in 2009 and, like Flipinha, a continuous educational project promoting reading and digital inclusion.
During Flip, the official Flipzona schedule includes drama, writing, animation, video, photography and audio production workshops, as well as debates with writers of teen literature.
Listed as a National Heritage Site, Paraty is the seaside end of the Royal Road, which connected the gold and diamond mines in Minas Gerais to the Paraty port during the colonial period in Brazil.
Paraty beaches and islands are among the most beautiful in Brazil and the city has applied for listing as a Unesco World Heritage Site.