Ziriguidum is an onomatopoeic, Brazilian Portuguese word with a strong African tone that expresses the sounds of drums and other percussion instruments used in samba and Carnival music.
The word lends its appealing sonority to an array of things:
- An axé-pop band from Conceição do Mato Dentro, MG
- An online Brazilian music magazine
- A samba school from Teresina, Piauí
One of the best known uses of the word is in "Samba do Ziriguidum", a 1976 song by Jadir de Castro and Luiz Bittencourt released by Novos Baianos in their album Caia na estrada e perigas ver.
Watch Ziriguidum on Vimeo
Other famous Brazil samba and Carnival onomatopeic terms are balacobaco, telecoteco, esquindô lelê and "Bumbum Praticundum Prugurundum", the title of the Império Serrano samba-enredo when the school was the champion of the Rio de Janeiro Carnival Parade, in 1982.