1. Travel
Send to a Friend via Email
You can opt-out at any time. Please refer to our privacy policy for contact information.




Ziriguidum is an onomatopoeic, Brazilian Portuguese word with a strong African tone that expresses the sounds of drums and other percussion instruments used in samba and Carnival music.

The word lends its appealing sonority to an array of things:

One of the best known uses of the word is in "Samba do Ziriguidum", a 1976 song by Jadir de Castro and Luiz Bittencourt released by Novos Baianos in their album Caia na estrada e perigas ver.

The song (see lyrics) is the soundtrack for Brazilian animation artist Gabriel Prezoto's humorous and inspired Ziriguidum, which takes an unexpected approach to the violence in Brazil's favelas.

Watch Ziriguidum on Vimeo

Other famous Brazil samba and Carnival onomatopeic terms are balacobaco, telecoteco, esquindô lelê and "Bumbum Praticundum Prugurundum", the title of the Império Serrano samba-enredo when the school was the champion of the Rio de Janeiro Carnival Parade, in 1982.

Pronunciation: zee-ree-ghee-DOON
"Show up at 10 for some ziriguidum and barbecue"; "Where to go this Carnival if you want to get away from the ziriguidum"

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.